Results for reforestation

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Be a Green Musketeer – reforest the world with us The Los Monegros Desert – San Mateo de Gallégo – Zaragoza – Spain We are in the Los Monegros Desert, where an extensive planting was carried out, by the Life+ “The Green Desert” Project. All the Waterboxxes are made of bio-plastic, with the camouflage sandy color, and will degrade over time. That is why they do not have the usual green-white colour combination, of the 10 times reusable Waterboxx°. Here you see the degrading process of the biodegradable plastic Waterboxx from 2012 until 2017. The Municipality of San Mateo de Gallégo (Zaragoza), used the Groasis Technology to give water to this plantation. Thanks to the water that the Waterboxx supplies, the trees are growing healthy and strong, on a terrain that used to be barren. These pine trees (var. Pinus sylvestris) have been here, since 2011, they were just young saplings, and they have grown since then, with the sole aid of the biodegradable Waterboxx. In 2011 we started to work with the biodegradable Waterboxx, as a part of the European Life+ Project, to restore a desert area of our municipal territory. This project has surprised us with its results. We have obtained significant results, without having to supply water into that area. J.M. González A., mayor of San Mateo de Gallégo. It is a very complicated area. There is hardly rainfall during the year. It’s practically an extreme steppe desert zone. Adding 10 liters of water to the biodegradable Waterboxx, once only, during the 3 years that the project lasted. We achieved spectacular results, with no maintenance needed, except for weeding. The project finished, but we continued to keep this area, because it has turned into a small oasis, in the middle of the desert. Animal life has returned. In the past, there weren’t any animals, and now you can see rabbits, small birds, etc. The outcome has been important for us. Actually now, the Municipality is using the biodegradable Waterboxx, in other landscaping restoration projects, because it guarantees the survival of the plants, without having to carry out maintenance. This was the planting in 2012, when the plants had only been here for a year. The dryness of this terrain is clearly visible. Today, where used to be bare land, is transformed into a forest. It is incredible to see how vigorously these trees are growing. Most of these pine trees are over 2 meters tall. Other species were also planted in this area. Here we see a beautiful Holm oak (var. Quercus ilex) that has born fruit, like many other species in this planting. Having been impressed by the results, we head to other areas, where different species were planted, as a part of this project. The Robinia pseudoacacia is very interesting for the production of biomass, says Pieter Hoff, inventor of the Groasis Technology. They were planted in May of 2011. This is the result after one year. The early phase of the project had a survival rate of around 95%, and this area was planted in the Summer. Planting is usually done in Spring, but here we tested the biodegradable Waterboxx by planting in July, and the results have been significant, because the water that we added is enough for the first two or three years, thanks to the Groasis Technology. It was proved by different tests, that were carried out by technicians of the University of Valladolid, and technicians from our University of Zaragoza. For you, to understand, a nearby industrial estate, located at the entrance to the village, had to remove its drip irrigation, because it wasn’t cost-effective. On the other hand, this planting doesn’t need our attention, with the technology employed. Once the plant is viable, it follows its own growth cycle, taking into account the scarce rainfall. There are some trees, which haven’t had the biodegradable Waterboxx removed, and they have grown to great heights. In fact, there is an agronomical institute from Zaragoza, that comes up here periodically, to measure those plants, because the results are incredible for this area. It is a real challenge for the plants. The planting was done there, to test it under extreme circumstances. In fact I remember, that five more territories participated, in the Life+ Project, and the results were spectacular, with the best outcome here, in San Mateo. The final thesis of this European project can confirm this. On the back you see how barren the land is. On the front you can see the planting. With the Groasis Technology, we can make the Desert of Los Monegros green and fertile again. At incredible low costs.

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What we wanted to do was look at the problem in a new way, which was – is there a solution to climate change that is projected to solve the entire problem, at scale, within a reasonable period of time? Is that possible? And it turns out that if you do the numbers, massive reforestation can do it. It is, by far, the cheapest, fastest, most effective, safest, and most politically feasible answer. So, we made an organization to bring that about. My name is Yishan Wong. I'm the founder and CEO of Terraformation. Before I started this company, I worked at a variety of tech startups, including PayPal, Facebook, and then later Reddit. After you've worked in technology for many, many years, you learn that if you want to solve a really large, really complex problem, you want your components to be as low-tech as possible. There's a thing that many people, who are not in Silicon Valley, don't understand, which is that technology is risky and flawed. The marketing from Silicon Valley is that technology is magical, and that we're all wizards. That's not actually true. You look at your newest gadget, it breaks all the time, right? It has problems. So, it's not that developing new ways to sequester carbon is bad. It's that we have to solve a problem that's larger than any we've ever contemplated before. We also have a very tight timeline. And, in order to do that, you want to use reliable components that are proven, and you want to use a lot of them. There's a number of bottlenecks, but one of the key rate-limiting factors to plant growth or tree growth is water availability. One of the key points that is often lost when talking about reforestation, whether or not it can be a full scale solution, is the economic calculation of whether or not it is affordable. And so the project that we did in Hawaii is, in fact, a cost validation project. Because the science, as I noted earlier, we're trying to use the most low-tech solution, right? And so it's really trying to determine can this be done? And can it be done within the cost envelope that we originally calculated? And the answer is yes. So what we built was a fully off-grid, 100% solar-powered desalination facility that purifies brackish water and provides irrigation to a reforestation project on what would otherwise be a completely dry piece of land that doesn't receive anywhere near the necessary rainfall to restore a forest. But, it turns out that half an acre of solar panels worth of power is enough to power a desalination plant that fits inside a single car garage. And it's just a couple large, long white tubes. It's really boring. And that's what I like – my hard-won experience as a technologist is you want to use really boring technology, so that you can do a lot of it. What we're doing is we're executing reforestation projects of our own, at increasing scale and speed. And the idea behind doing that, is that, you know, as more people listen to us, we can say, "Hey, we're doing it, it can be done. Here's how you do it, you can do it, too." Because really, what we want is we want copycats. The nice thing about mass reforestation is that it's extremely parallelizable. You can plant the thousandth acre at the same time as when you plant the two millionth acre at the same time. So what we actually need to do is we need to drive a worldwide decentralized parallel effort to do all of this. And to do that, you know, it's nice, because we don't have to develop new technology, we just have to convince everyone to also do it. I am a fan of science fiction and I often look at what we're doing today, from a sort of future viewpoint looking back. And in science fiction, there are usually two futures of far futures mainly depicted. One of them is of the Earth as a barren wasteland, because of nuclear war, environmental degradation, alien attack, whatever. In the other science fiction future, Earth is a beautiful garden of Eden. And that's the future I want. the one where Earth is a garden planet, and we look back on it proudly.

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- In the last year, we've lost forest area that's the size of Belgium. Climate change is a big problem and we're gonna need big solutions. Reforestation is a big solution. - [Alejandra] Here in Mexico, Plant-for-the-Planet is planting more than five million trees. (intense music) - Natural climate solutions can represent up to 30% of the solution to climate change. Reforestation is the biggest component of that. Reforestation is putting trees back where they historically belonged. We have lost a lot of forest. We cleared a bunch for agricultural lands but there has been a movement towards people moving in to cities and we've gotten better at farming which has freed up some land to return back to forests. Reforestation is a great strategy for combating climate change. It's sort of a tried and true method, right? We know how to plant trees, we know how to grow forests, and reforestation is a tool that we can use now. Trees are basically designed to suck carbon out of the air. Some places trees grow a lot faster. Especially in Latin America you're gonna get really massive rates of tree growth. The trees will probably grow a little better if there is the right people to take care of them. So local communities are the stewards of those forests. - Plant-for-the-Planet came to Campeche in 2016. The planting season started one month ago and they have planted 470,000 trees already. (light music) - [Alejandra] We are using six different species of trees. All of them are native, which means we are not disrupting natural biodiversity. (light music) - [Alejandra] There are people who work here that they live in the town. They get a sure income for their family. - I like it. - [Susan] Planting trees now is a great strategy to fight for a better future. (intense music) - Hey, thanks for watching. We've got more videos just like this one about people and ideas that are changing the world. So, hit that subscribe button and you'll get all or our latest releases.