Results for how to work with online dictionary

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Hello, this is Lucky English with Maria. I'm really excited about this video and it's about dictionaries, which I know sounds boring, but the free online dictionaries that you can use have a lot of different options. Each dictionary offers something different so in this video I'm going to point out the these options to you so you can find them and use them, take advantage of them. First the easiest dictionary to use, you put the word in Google and you write "meaning" or "definition" and Google will give you the definition from the Oxford dictionaries. The best thing about Google is that it's fast, obviously, and it has a very good audio in comparison to the other dictionaries, because you can click on the blue audio symbol and that will take you to another page where you have the audio with the British pronunciation and an American pronunciation. But also you can choose to have the playback fast or slow and they have the visual of the mouth to help you. Now some other options... I think the two best options for English language learners are the Cambridge dictionary and the Collins dictionary, so let's start with the Cambridge. The Cambridge is very complete because they give you different levels of English. You can have definitions that are in a pre- intermediate English or more advanced English, so you can adjust according to your your level of English. They give you a lot of examples with the words and it's just in general very complete with about 22 foreign language translations, definitions specific to business, so that's a good one to use. Also very good is the Collins. An interesting thing about the Collins is that the Collins has a video of the pronunciation of the word so that's very helpful. Also Collins offers more translations, they have almost 30 different translations of the word. Usually with the Collins you don't have to do any extra clicking to get the translation it's already listed at the bottom in a variety of languages. Now we have Merriam-Webster. The Merriam-Webster normal dictionary for the English language isn't very good, but they have a visual dictionary online which gives you a lot of detailed vocabulary with images. So you can look up different ideas and things and you will get diagrams that are labeled with advanced vocabulary. Wo for example here I have different kinds of sweaters. And you can see the list, the menu there on the side about all the different options: vocabulary about the human body, about sports, about transportation, so that's very good to have a visual. Next is the free dictionary. This dictionary is amazingly complete. You have the definition with the audio and American and British with the flag so it's easy to see which audio you're listening to. They have a complete listing of different definitions and examples. And then one thing that's very useful is when the word is a verb you can have the conjugation displayed at the bottom. So in this case I put for "harvest" the present continuous and you can see how you would conjugate the word. You also have the thesaurus there and a really great option to see translations. You can get the exact translation that you're looking for, because it's not just a translation of one word to one word. No they give you the different specific translations. And there's a tab at the top to look at idioms. So you choose the "idioms" tab at the top of the webpage and you get the different uses of the word in idioms. Next: Longman. The Longman dictionary has a very nice unique feature in that the examples that they give you have audio. So in this case "harvest." You have the definition. Then in grey with a sound icon they have an example. You click on the sound icon and you get that example read aloud in context. So it's not a robot reading one word and the other together, no it's read in natural context. And many times there are more than one example given to you in audio so you can hear the word being used naturally. That's an option that you can't find on the other dictionaries. Longman also has a great section of collocations, so these are words that you combine with the word that you're looking up naturally. They go together well. So in this case a good harvest, a poor harvest, a bumper harvest. So specific words that work well with the word that you're looking at. Finally the last two dictionaries are more for fun. Vocabulary.com has these wonderful definitions. They're not your typical dictionary definition of a word. They are much more conversational. So this is an example of if a friend asked me how to define a word, how I might define it much more conversational. So they're more fun to read. Of course it's more advanced English, but they can be more interesting for you when you're studying. And then the last dictionary is the Urban Dictionary. Now the urban dictionary is great when you're listening to music or you're reading something in an online forum, on social media and people are using slang that you don't understand. You can put a word here and see the possible definitions. Now the problem with the Urban Dictionary is that anyone can write the definition so oftentimes the definitions aren't not completely accurate, or people write a definition and they're just making a joke. But it can be useful for words that are really difficult to find in any other place, because they haven't become official English words yet; they're not recognized by the typical online dictionaries. So for example here I put "Stan" which is a crazy or an obsessed fan and maybe you can't find this word in a normal dictionary, because it's a slang word. What do you think? Do you have a preference? And now keep in mind a lot of these web pages allow you to make a free account so that you can save word lists and definitions for later study, which can be really useful. And have a fantastic day and lots of fun looking up words! Bye-bye.

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Hi. Welcome back to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. In today's lesson I want to speak with you about: "How to Use a Dictionary". Now, for some of you, this might seem very obvious. You open the dictionary, you look for your word, there it is, everything's good. But it's not that simple. Now, the reason I say it's not that simple is because a lot of people have a problem with exactly how to use a dictionary, and also when to use the dictionary. You don't always need to go look for every word. So, before I look at a few examples of when you should look for a word in the dictionary, I want to stress that if you really, really want to build your vocabulary quickly and have a very wide range of vocabulary, use an English to English dictionary. I'm going to give you a couple of examples of which dictionaries to use after, but English to English. Now, I've had many students who use English to whatever language, English to Spanish, English to Japanese, English to whatever language is their native language and vice versa. This is good for a very quick check, but don't make it a habit. Okay? Get yourself an English to English dictionary-you can get the book, I'll show you one in a second-or get online and find the apps for the more common dictionaries. Now, the reason I say this is because you will have to look for meanings of words, and if you don't understand the explanation of the meaning, you will probably learn more words in that explanation and then you can look those up. So you're actually going to build your vocabulary exponentially. "Exponentially", very quickly and to a large degree, without end, so you can go very quickly. So, let's look at three sentences, and I underlined the words we're focusing on. Okay? "Salivate", "plethora", "mitigate". Now, you may know these words, you may not, but these are a little bit higher end words, they're not very common. So we're going to think about what to do. First, use context. What I want you to do is I want you to try to guess the meaning of a word before you go to the dictionary. "The hungry dog began to salivate when it saw the steak on the table." Now, most of you have seen a dog, most of you have probably seen a hungry dog. Now, you think of a hungry dog, you think of a steak, what do most dogs do? Even what do humans do? Dogs do it more obviously, they start to salivate. They start... The little wet stuff comes out of their mouths. Right? That wet stuff is "saliva". Dogs have it, you have it, I have it, human beings have it, too. It helps us to eat and digest our food. Now, because of the context, because you have a hungry dog and because you have a steak, it seems pretty obvious that "salivate" means to start emitting or getting... Letting out saliva. Now, another thing to keep in mind: The next sentence will probably use this word, "saliva". So: "The dog began to salivate, and all the saliva gathered in a pool on the floor. So then when I walked by it and I slipped and hurt myself, it's the dog's fault, not my fault." Okay? So, now, do I need to or should you go look at this...? Look for this word in the dictionary? No. You can guess the sentence. You probably are right in your guess of what this means. The next sentence will probably confirm it. Just move on. Don't worry about this word. It's easy. Now you have a new word in your head. But let's look at the next word: "The forum was a grand success as it had generated a plethora of ideas." Now, you have a forum. A "forum" is where people exchange ideas or where they have discussions. On the internet, there are plenty of forums. At www.engvid.com, there's a forum where you can ask questions, and teachers help, and other students help. So, if the forum has all these ideas and it was a grand success - why? Because it had generated, it had made or created a plethora of ideas. Now, you can probably guess what this means. A "plethora" means many and varied. So, a large amount or a large number, and a varied number. So, now, if you can guess the sentence but you don't really know this word, skip it. Don't look for it in the dictionary. When should you look for this word in the dictionary? When you see it the second or third time. Now, "plethora" is a very high-end word, mostly used in academics, and even then, rarely used. People don't like this word because it's a little bit snobby. Okay? Not everybody knows this word, not everybody needs to know this word. Most people will just use a better word or an easier word. "...generated many ideas" or "...generated a variety of ideas". If you have a simpler word, use it. So, if you see this word, don't look it up. If you see it again or the third time, then yes, look it up so you have it in your vocabulary base. Next: "Many investors sell off their stocks during crises, thinking that this will mitigate their losses." So here's our word: "mitigate", notice we have all verbs, but you know because of context. Now, again, usually the context will allow you to guess the meaning, but this word is pretty sure to come up again and again. This is a good word, it means to make less, like less intense, less painful, or weaken the impact of something. So, this word... Okay, the first time if you can understand the sentence without looking it up in the dictionary, keep going. The second time, and there will be a second or third time, look it up in the dictionary. So, this one we're going to look up. Excuse me. Now, those of you taking the IELTS or the TOEFL test, you need to know this word. It will show up at some point on the test. If not the test you're taking, then the next practice test or the next practice test. This word will come up again. Know it. So look this word up in the dictionary. Okay? So, when do you use it? When a word is repeated often enough that you know it's a word that's commonly used, and if the word... For example: "plethora", if you can't understand the sentence, again, do you need to go right away, look at the dictionary? No. Do you understand the paragraph? If you understand the paragraph and you have a general sense of positive or negative in the sentence, again, skip it. If it comes up again, look it up. If you need to know this word to be able to make sense out of the whole paragraph, then of course, look it up. Now, the reason I say this is because many students tell me that it's very boring to read. Why? Because every few words, they have to go to the dictionary. So, they're reading with a dictionary in one hand, and the book or the magazine article in the other and it gets very tiring. And yes, I understand that. So, learn when to skip a word, learn to guess the meanings of the word, and understand that words that are repeated often should be looked up and become part of your vocabulary base. Okay? So, now, we're going to look more detail in what you're going to see in the dictionary when you look up a word, and what to make of all the information that's presented there. Okay? Okay. So, now, we're going to look at basically how to use the dictionary. Now, before I get into all the different aspects of what's in the dictionary, I want to talk about using an actual book dictionary, a physical book you can hold in your hand or getting online and using one of the dictionaries online. Now, I personally prefer the Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. Because I write mostly for a North American audience-okay?-and I deal mostly with North American writing, I use a North American or the top North American dictionary. This is the American dictionary, but it also applies in Canada. If I were in Europe or in the UK, I would use the Oxford Dictionary. There are lots of other dictionaries; there's the Collins in Canada, there's the Cambridge in the UK, etc. I use this one. Now, you're thinking: "Well, look how thick that is", and it's actually pretty heavy. Do you want to carry this in your bag everywhere you go? Of course not. I don't suggest or I don't recommend that you do that, but have this available to you when you're at home or at your local library, at your school, at your office. Be able to access this whenever you need. Now, this one is full of very tiny writing. I'm not sure if you can actually see that, but everything that is online is also on here. Now, my personal opinion, my personal preference is to use the book rather than online whenever I can. Why? Think about your internet experience, think about how you behave when you're watching or doing something online. When you go to any of these dictionaries online, you're going to have advertisements everywhere. You're very easily distracted. Okay? You're clicking buttons. It's very easy to click off the page, or to give up, or to not scroll far down enough. Okay? So this makes you use... Makes you search for words actively; you have to open the book, you have to look things up by alphabetical order. You can't just type in the word, you have to look for it, so you become active in your search for the word. That's one. Two: While you're looking for one word, you might come across another word that sounds interesting or looks interesting, or: "Oh, I've seen this word somewhere before. I wonder what it means." So you're probably going to build your vocabulary even faster by doing it in a book. When you search for your word online, you're just getting that one word and that's it. If you're curious enough, you'll go look for other ones, but you won't know which ones to look for. Here, they're in your face. Better... Sorry. Better to be distracted by other words in the dictionary than by diet pills or a new opportunity to go on vacation that you are going to see online. So, let's move on from there. However, there are, of course, advantages to the online dictionaries as well. Firstly... And some of these things will be the same, some of them will be different. All of them will give you the symbols... The syllables-sorry-and the... I forgot to mention, here, the phonetics. The phonetic spelling of the word. Now, what does "phonetic" mean? Means the sound of the word, how to pronounce. So, let's go back to our word "mitigate". The Webster's Dictionary will give you the pure syllabic or syllable breakdown of how to say it: "mit∙i∙gate". But for those of you who are a little bit more adventurous, who are... Have a good memory because you have to study a new alphabet, there's also the phonetic spelling: "mi", so this is an upside down "e", but it actually sounds like: "ih", and "gate", "a" with a bar across from it is the diphthong, it's the "a"; not" "ah", not "aw", etc. "mi t ə gāt". Now, if you go to the Oxford Dictionary, they will give you the same phonetic spelling, except instead of the "t", they will give you the "d". So, in England, they probably say: "midigate", in America, they say: "mitigate". So you know the differences, there. Now, m-w.com, that's the Merriam-Webster's dictionary. You can write MerriamWebster.com and that'll go to the same place. OxfordDictionaries.com will take you to the Oxford one. Or Dictionary.com, that's just the generic internet dictionary. If you go to Google and type: "Define" whatever word you're looking for, it will give you a definition as well. So, these are the internet ones. So, they give the phonetic spelling, they give the syllables, they give you other forms. So, if "mitigate", you might also see: "mitigation", which is a noun, "mitigated" is an adjective, "mitigator" is a noun, person. It'll give you the other forms that you can look up. On the internet, not so much in the book, because they don't have that much space... On the internet, you will see sample sentences. Now, if the sample sentences in the dictionary are not enough, you want to see more, go to your search box on your search engine. I use Google, so you can use that. Just type: "Use 'mitigate'"-or whatever word-"in a sentence." Usually the top entry will be for that page, and you will see many sentences. Keep in mind that many of these sentences are a little bit old-fashioned or highly academic, but some of them will be very useful for you to understand the word. And online, obviously not in the book, there will be a recording so you can actually hear the word spoken. I've listened to many of these recordings. Some of them I like, some of them I don't like. I've heard different versions, but it's up to you. You can go check all three dictionaries and compare how the word is said aloud. Okay? So, now, we have the reasons to use the book, we have the reasons to use online. Now, what are you going to see when you get to the book? You're going to see multiple entries, but before that, you're going to see something... You're going to see the phonetic spelling, and then you might see something like this. What does this mean? It means verb and transitive. This is very important to know. So, "mitigate" is not necessarily a transitive verb, but it can be a transitive verb. Okay? So we... To mitigate a transitive verb, it means a verb that must take an object. So, if you have "vt", then the entry will be for the transitive verb. If there's a non-transitive version of this verb or a non-transitive use, they will separate that into different entries. Okay. So, I want to look at the word "cover". Sorry, one more thing. The dictionaries will also give you the origin of the word, like if it came from Latin or Greek or from French or wherever. If you're interested in that, it's in the dictionary. If you're not, don't worry about it too much. But, sorry one more thing, there is something called "false friends". "False friends" are words that are used... For example, in Spanish, there's a word in Spanish and then you see the same word almost in English and you think they mean the same thing. That's not always the case. Sometimes they mean the same thing, sometimes it's a false friend, meaning that although it looks the same, they're completely different uses in Spanish or English. So be aware of that. Now, let's look for this word. If you're going to... If you have the problem with this word: "cover", you see a sentence and you're not under sure... You're not sure how this word "cover" is being used, because as far as you understand, "cover" means like cover yourself with a blanket. But in the sentence you're looking at: "The policy doesn't cover earthquakes." Policy doesn't cover earthquakes. So, obviously, "cover" doesn't mean like put something over or put something on top of something else. It means something else. You go to the dictionary and you see that there are actually 16 entries for the verb "cover". That means 16 different meanings or uses for this verb. So, how do you know which one is yours? You don't. You go through each one until you find the meaning that applies to the context you saw the word in. Okay? Now, some of these will even have... Some of these will even have sub entries. So, for example, the first entry of "cover" is to protect, but this has also 1a, 1b, 1c, 1d, 1e, five sub entries. You can protect someone by I'm holding a gun so my friend can come out of the situation, so I'm covering his retreat. Cover with an insurance policy. You can cover someone by protecting them, defending them from an attack. In sports, the defender covers the guy with the ball so he doesn't get around him. So, lots of different uses. And we have six noun entries for the word "cover". So, right away you understand it could be both a noun and a verb, and it has many different meanings. So, you see a sentence like this: "Many artists like to cover Adelle's songs." Adelle the singer is very famous, lots of good songs, everybody likes to sing her songs. Everybody likes to cover them. So you're thinking: "Cover? Well, you can't put a blanket on top of a song, that doesn't make sense. There must be another meaning." So, you go to the dictionary. This is from Webster's by the way, the 16, Merriam-Webster's. You go there and you go through all the different meanings, and you find 16, number 16, the last one: "'Cover' means to record or perform a song." Now... Sorry. To record or perform a cover of a song. So, now they're using the word "cover" in the definition of "cover", but they're using it as a noun. So you go to the noun entries, and number six will tell you a "cover" is a recording or performance of a song already recorded by someone else. So, there you go, you have a new understanding of the word "cover". If you want, you go check all the other 15, and you know all the different uses of "cover". Now, this takes a lot of work, yes, it does, but learning a new language takes a lot of work. And I've... I've repeated many times, other teachers have repeated many times: If you really want to improve your language quickly, you have to build vocabulary. If you want to build vocabulary, you have to read. Now, a lot of people say: "Reading, oh, but I don't understand. Every word, every 10 words, I don't understand." Well, that's what the dictionary is for. Be patient, be motivated, be hard working, and I guarantee you your English will improve very quickly and you'll be able to speak about anything, read anything, write about anything because you will have the vocabulary for it. Okay. So, if you have any questions about this, please go to www.engvid.com. You can join the forum and take the quiz. If you like this lesson, please subscribe to my YouTube channel. And, of course, go out and get yourself a dictionary. Don't forget. A paper... A hardcopy one so you have it at home, your office, at school, library, wherever you're going to be so you can check it. And download the apps or save these... These addresses in your browser. And come back again. See you soon. Bye-bye.

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Hi, I’m Oli. Welcome to Oxford Online English! In this video, you’ll see reviews of several online dictionaries. Which dictionary is the best for English learners? Which should – or shouldn’t – you use? You’ll find out! In this video, you’ll see the pros and cons of nine popular online dictionaries. We tested the following: Cambridge, Longman, dictionary.com, Collins, Lexico, Macmillan, wordreference.com, Chambers and Merriam-Webster. If you want the short version here it is. Are you an upper-intermediate or advanced English learner who wants the most complete, full-featured online dictionary? Use Longman. Are you at intermediate level or below? Use Lexico. Maybe use Lexico even if you’re at a higher level. You want to know why, or how we tested, or why you perhaps shouldn’t use some of these other dictionaries? Keep watching! We created six tests for each online dictionary, based around looking up common verbs like ‘talk’, ‘go’, ‘pick’ and so on. We chose these verbs because they have many different meanings, as well as many phrasal verbs and idioms based on them. In this video, we’ll focus on the verb ‘talk’. So, what were the six tests? The first test was for completeness: does the dictionary give you every definition of a word? The second test: does the dictionary give you definitions of phrasal verbs, collocations and idioms related to the word you look up? Test three: does the dictionary explain the difference between UK and US pronunciation and usage? Test four: does the dictionary explain verb structures and complements? For example, you can ‘talk to someone’, ‘talk with someone’, ‘talk about something’, and ‘talk of something’. Test five: can you look up phrasal verbs and idioms directly? With some dictionaries, if you try to look up a phrasal verb like ‘put down’, it will redirect you to the root verb, ‘put’. This makes it harder to find the information you need. Good online dictionaries let you look up phrasal verbs and idioms directly. Test six: is the information presented in a clear, organised way, and is the dictionary website easy to use? This test is more subjective, of course. Finally, we looked for any other features which might be useful for English learners. Remember: if you want to see the full test results, check out the page on our website. If you’re watching on YouTube, you can find a link in the video description. So, how did our online dictionaries do? Cambridge didn’t do very well, which is a shame, because it had been my go-to online dictionary before I started making this video. Firstly, it is not complete. It doesn’t contain all the possible definitions of a word. Plus, it doesn’t have a complete list of related phrasal verbs, idioms and collocations. On the other hand, for beginners or intermediate learners, there are some good example sentences. The definitions are well-written and clear. It does also show the UK and US pronunciation of a word, with audio, so that’s a positive. It doesn’t clearly show verb complements and structures. Overall, I can’t recommend it. One of the biggest problems is that three different dictionaries are combined on one page; there’s a British English dictionary, an American dictionary, and a business English dictionary. This makes it confusing to use, because different information is in different places, and not always where you might expect it. I won’t spend more time on it, because there are much better dictionaries you can use. Longman was number one in our tests. It’s by far the most complete dictionary I found. It contained all the information you might need: every definition of the word, possible verb complements, phrasal verbs, idioms… Everything you might need is there. Not only that, but they have example sentences and many example sentences have audio, at least for some words. That makes it a great resource for practising pronunciation. At the bottom of the page, they also have a large number of examples taken from natural English texts. You can look up phrasal verbs and other word combinations directly. Even the longer phrase ‘know what you’re talking about’ has its own entry, with dedicated examples. That’s impressive! When you’re learning English, you’ll often hear that you need to learn language in chunks. This is good advice, so it’s great that there are dictionaries which can help you to do this. There’s one minor criticism: it gives you the UK and US pronunciations of a word, but it doesn’t clearly show which is which. For reference, the UK pronunciation is given first, and the US pronunciation second. Longman also has a number of useful features for English learners. If you look up a verb, you can find a verb tense table which lists all the forms and tenses. Finally, it has a good thesaurus, which gives you alternative words and also explains what they mean, and how they’re different from the base word. Generally, I found Longman one of the easiest dictionaries to use. Information is organised and presented nicely, and the page is relatively clean, without unnecessary clutter. Dictionary dot com isn’t really a dictionary in its own right. Instead, it collects information from many dictionaries. In summary, I don’t recommend it for English learners. It’s reasonably complete, although you won’t find much information on idioms and collocations. More importantly, the information is not well-organised. A lot of info is hidden behind ‘see more’ links, but there doesn’t seem to be any logic to what’s hidden and what’s displayed immediately. Plus, because it collects information from different dictionaries on a single page, the information is divided into different sections, but not in a logical way. This makes it harder to find what you need. It doesn’t do a good job of showing related phrasal verbs, idioms and collocations. You also can’t look up phrasal verbs directly, which is a big disadvantage. Collins has some positive features. It scored four out of five for completeness. It has clear explanations with examples for each definition. However, a couple of things could be better. Our test word – ‘talk’ – can be both a noun and a verb. Most dictionaries will separate the verb and noun definitions, which makes sense. Collins mixes them together in a list. It’s not bad, but it seems strange, and I think it could be confusing for some users. Also, it gives some information about complements and structures, but it’s not so clear. They highlight the structures used in their example sentences, but there’s no dedicated information on what structures are possible and what they mean. Finally, like some other dictionaries in our list, Collins tries to combine results from different dictionaries on one page. I think this is terrible design, because you might not even realise there are more parts to the page. You see the definitions and explanations, you get down to here, and… that looks like the end, right? But, then there’s more: a British dictionary, an American dictionary, and more examples and idioms. Overall, not bad, but it's not the best. Lexico is one of the best dictionaries we tested. I highly recommend it, especially for learners at an intermediate or lower level. Even if you’re a higher-level learner, give Lexico a try. Why? Because it’s so clear and well-organised. For example, it gives you one example sentence for each definition, but you can also click to see more if you want. That’s a really nice feature. You just need a simple example? You can have it. You want more? You can have that, too. In general, Lexico does the best job of presenting a large amount of information in a logical way. However, it’s also fully complete. Only two dictionaries scored 100% in our completeness tests: Longman and Lexico. Plus, information on phrasal verbs, collocations and idioms is nicely separated, and you can look up longer phrases directly; for example, if you look up an idiom like ‘talk the talk’ directly, you’ll find a dedicated page. The only negative is that it doesn’t explain the difference between UK and US pronunciation or usage. Overall, I also found Lexico to be the cleanest dictionary in terms of design. It’s a great choice for English learners. Macmillan is slightly different, because it puts different parts of speech on different pages. So, if you look up ‘talk’, you’ll see definitions for the verb only. The noun definitions are on a separate page, which might not be easy to find if you’re using a mobile or a smaller screen, because they’re hidden in this ‘other entries’ box. I don’t think that’s a good point. Macmillan has some positives: it has good information on verb complements, which is also nicely presented, and you can look up phrasal verbs and idioms directly. However, it’s not complete, and it doesn’t give any information on UK versus US pronunciation or usage. So, it’s in the middle. There are better options. I knew about Wordreference as a bilingual dictionary. They have many bilingual versions, aimed at speakers or learners of European languages. However, they also include a monolingual English dictionary. Is it any good? It has some advantages, but overall, not recommended. Like dictionary dot com, Wordreference collects information from multiple dictionaries, but this means you have too much information on one page, some of which is repeated, and it’s hard to find what you need. You also can’t look up phrasal verbs or idioms directly. If you try to look up a phrasal verb like ‘pick up’, you’ll be redirected to the root verb – ‘pick’. Then, you’ll have to find the definition on the page. Wordreference does have one excellent and – at least in our tests – unique feature. For pronunciation, it has audio not just for UK and US English, but also for other regions, such as Ireland or Jamaica. It also includes some regional UK and US accents. This is really useful, because actually there isn’t just one UK pronunciation and one US pronunciation of a word. There are many English accents, in the UK, US and in other English-speaking countries, and it’s good to understand how pronunciation is different in different parts of the world. So, maybe use Wordreference for the pronunciation audio, but I don’t recommend it as a dictionary. I’ll keep this short: don’t use Chambers. Two points: first, they print information in a big block, like you’d find in a paper dictionary. That makes sense on paper, because you need to save money and space. On the web, there’s no reason to do this, and it makes it harder to find what you’re looking for. Secondly, Chambers doesn’t seem to be aimed at learners of English as a second language. It doesn’t give many examples, nor does it give information about verb complements, phrasal verbs, and so on. You can’t look up phrasal verbs or other longer chunks directly. It’s not terrible; it does the basic job of a dictionary, but I can’t see any reason to use it. Merriam-Webster also doesn’t have much to recommend it. One major disadvantage: it doesn’t give complete lists of phrasal verbs, idioms or collocations when you look up a word. For 'talk', it includes four phrases here, but why these four? Why not others? This seems strange; if you’re going to include some phrasal verbs or idioms, you should include all of them. There’s no information on UK versus US pronunciation or usage. There’s also no information on verb complements. They give examples, but the examples aren’t full sentences, making them less useful. Finally, the design is weird. There are all these colons and slashes in odd places. Maybe that doesn’t bother you, but I found it unnecessary and a little confusing. On the other hand, you can look up phrasal verbs and idioms directly. Also, it has real-life examples which are pulled from the internet, although they aren’t always accurately classified. For example, some of the examples for ‘talk’ as a verb are actually the noun form. Having reviewed these dictionaries, I’ve switched my go-to online dictionary from Cambridge to Longman and Lexico. Honestly, I was surprised at how badly Cambridge came out of these tests. Although I think Longman is the best, I would actually recommend Lexico for most purposes. It gives you complete information, and it’s so easy to use. What about you? Which dictionary do you use? Are you planning to switch to a new one? Do you have anything to add to our reviews? Let us know in the comments! Thanks for watching!